Can you imagine a day without access to the Internet? It’s only been 25 years since we had the internet, which seems to last forever. Nowadays, it is almost impossible to live without it, and it is hard to imagine how people could survive in the “dark ages”, which was merely two decades ago. Thanks to Sir Tim Berners-Lee, Web Inventor and Founding Director of the World Wide Web Foundation, who made it all possible.
Who is an Internaut?
By definition, ‘Internaut’ is a portmanteau of the words ‘Internet’ and ‘astronaut’ and refers to a designer, operator, or technically capable user of the Internet.An Internaut is a person who knows how to design and access the internet. This involves finding information on various websites, blogs and web servers using search engines. Basically, you’re more of an Internaut if you have more technical knowledge about the internet. Like, if you know about the domain name system, URLs, how the search engines work, etc. It would be great if you can contribute as a designer of the internet.
Initially, the members of the IETF were called the Internauts, but with time, the horizon of the term expanded for common folks also. This is because more and more people have learned to use the internet and develop websites.
In addition, Internet Live Stats also shows that there are currently 3.4 billion people who are active internet users. To offer some perspective, in 1995, usership was less than one-percent. Today, close to 40-percent of the world’s population has an internet connection.
THE World Wide Web forms an integral part of modern existence, but it was not until August 23, 1991 that its inventor, a British scientist at CERN, Tim Berners-Lee allowed its access to the general public – the non-technical people. And today marks the 25th anniversary of public access to the world of endless information. Voted Time Magazine’s ‘100 Most Important People of the 20th Century’, Berners=Lee’s vision and innovation has transformed almost every aspect of our lives.
Short Bytes: The Internaut’s Day is celebrated on the anniversary date of the World Wide Web which was invented by Sir Tim Berners-Lee. This year, the WWW has completed 25 years of being accessible for public use and even common people have become an internaut.
History of World Wide Web (WWW)
The internet and the World Wide Web are not interchangeable. The internet was first connected in 1969, and refers to the network that carries information between nodes. The World Wide Web refers to the space on this network where information, such as web pages and documents, are stored. Think of the World Wide Web as neurons, and the internet as synapses.
Berne-Lee invented the Web in 1989 while working at CERN, which was originally conceived and developed to meet the demand for automatic information-sharing between scientists in universities and institutes around the world.
According to FirstPost, Berners-Lee originally wished to create a global network comprised of hyperlinked information, and by 1985 the first DNS system was launched in Europe. The idea of a vast, global “web” was proposed in 1989, which would be an unfathomably large, database comprised of searchable text and embedded links.
In March of 1999, Time named Berners-Lee on its list of the 100 Most Important People of the 20th Century. The entry for the article, written by Josh Quittner, read, ”From the thousands of interconnected threads of the Internet, he wove the World Wide Web and crated a mass medium for the 21st century…”
In 1980, Berner-Lee had created a personal database of people and software models at CERN. It was here he deployed the use of hypertext, where each page linked to another, already existing page. Over the next decade, he would develop this further, and in 1989 proposed the idea of “a universal linked information system” to help physicists collaborate, combining the internet with hypertext.
In 1990, he built the HyperText Transfer Protocol (which you may know as HTTP); the HyperText Markup Language (HTML); Uniform Resource Identifier (or URL); the first web browser and server; and the first web pages.
The very first web page, which can be found online at its original URL, went live on August 6, 1991. At this point, it was only available to users at CERN, and it was a short page explaining what the World Wide Web actually was.
On August 23, 1991, new users outside of CERN were invited to join the web, marking its official anniversry, or Internaut Day. And in April 1993, CERN announced the decision to make the underlying code for the web royalty-free in perpetuity.
“Had the technology been proprietary, and in my total control, it would probably not have taken off,” Berners-Lee explained. “The decision to make the web an open system was necessary for it to be universal. You can’t propose that something be a universal space and at the same time keep control of it.”
As the World Wide Web turns a quarter of a century old, Berners-Lee is dedicated to enhance and protect the Web’s future, and work to ensure it cpntinues to be made freely available to all, While there’s room for improvement, there’s no denying the web has achieved magnificent things in its 25 years so far.
- Fossbytes.com: Happy Internaut’s Day: Today Is 25th Anniversary Of The World Wide Web
- cnet.com: Happy 25th birthday to the World Wide Web by
- news18.com: Internaut Day: 25 Years of Public Access to the World Wide Web
- ibtimes.com. What Is Internaut Day? by